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Ramie fibre is one of the strongest, natural fine textile fibres in the world, obtained from the bark of the plant Boehmeria nivea L. Gaud. It is commonly known as ‘China Grass’ in the trade market and is also known as ‘Grass linen’ or ‘China Linen’.


Origin and distribution

India, it is distributed in the North East regions (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur and Sikkim), northern parts of West Bengal, Kangra Valley and parts of Western Ghat region.

Botany and breeding behaviour

Ramie is a perennial monoecious species belonging to the family Urticaceae. The genus Boehmeria harbours many (>100) species, which can be grouped under five major sub-sections.

Fibre development

Ramie produces unicellular fibre, which is longest plant cell and strongest in its own kind. The fibre is produced in the bark as a bast or phloem fibre.